Mohd Azad Jasmi

By: Azad Jasmi

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Monday, 11-Sep-2006 02:21 Email | Share | Bookmark
Apakah "Pacenotes"?

Please change my tyres now. I'm coming down very very very soon!
Pacenotes say "River" but the driver thinks "Let's be a diver"
450 over BHP, Peugeot 405 - Ari Vatanen at Pike Hill Climb Rally
Front Tyre of Ford Focus
The Legacy of Tour de Corse Rally - "Col de Turin"
3rd gear, opposite lock for on throttle
Loeb on air - Do not change my tyres. I will change mine later.
A row of the most expensive rally cars in the world
Sapa kata Skoda tak kuat?
Mesin ais "sagat" keluaran Ford.
Depa communicate pakai "Pacenotes" . Pacenotes is the main 'language' used between the rally driver and co-driver. Some explanation on co-driving:-

What does the Co-Driver Do?
A good co-driver is expected to be all things to all people, at times. On a rally, the co-driver is responsible for:

Understanding all the Rules and Regulations
Navigating between the Special Stages
Ensuring the Rally Car adheres to the correct time schedule
Reading the Map or Pace-Notes to the driver on the Special Stages
In addition, in smaller teams without a separate co-ordinator, the co-driver will normally be responsible for organising the whole team, both before and during the event.

More details on the duties the co-driver is normally expected to undertake is included in the "Co-Drivers Responsibilities" section.

It is important to realise that a rally is made up of both Special Stages (the competitive part) which are linked together with non-competitive Road Sections. The whole rally will follow a strict route and time schedule. While it is virtually impossible to get lost or make timing errors on the Special Stages, it is very easy for a co-driver to make these mistakes on the Road Sections. Even if a driver is quickest on all the Stages, a simple mistake by the co-driver can receive a heavy penalty and prevent the team from winning the event.

Co-Driver's Equipment
Race Suit
Neck Brace
Trip Meter (calibrated!)
Foot Rest
Map Light
Seating Position.
Seat Belts
Pace Note Books
Co-Driver Bags
Pacenotes are a description of the rally stage, in shorthand form. This shorthand takes account of corners, speed of approach, distances, bumps, junctions, etc. Prepared by the crew together, these are read by the co-driver to the driver, in advance of each corner or distance, so that he can prepare for the corner to attain maximum speed through it, and therefore the stage.

You will also come across Route Notes. This is where the road is described similarly to Pacenotes, but no speed element, or driving lines are introduced. These are generally provided for the whole event, often on events where you are not allowed to recce.

Some common Pacenotes Schemes
"Numbers 1 to 9"
The number is approximately equal to the bend angle in degrees. (e.g. a "5" is 50°, a "9" is 90°)

Here is an example of a page of pacenotes using the 1 to 9 system.

"Numbers 7 to 1"
The number is approximately equal to the appropriate gear for each corner

Top Tip: Which is the best system of pacenotes? There is no "best" system – it is very much personal preference. Saying that, if you are totally unsure of which system to use, most people find "numbers" systems easier to learn and the 1-9 system is probably the easiest and most common.

For example a corner described as "Right 9 plus" may mean the corner is a bit tighter (slower) than a normal R9, or it is a bit faster than a R9.

Short distances are usually described as "and" and "into". Some drivers use "and" as a shorter distance than "into" because it is a shorter word; others use "and" as a longer distance that "into" which makes more sense if you consider the meaning of the word.

Another difference between notes is so people prefer the corner first, then the severity (e.g. Right 9), others prefer the opposite (e.g. 9 Right).

In all these cases, there is no "correct" way. (Although all driver believe that there system of notes is the only sensible scheme and cannot understand how other drivers can use anything different).

Top Tip: It takes a long time to learn how to make good Pacenotes. Practice on roads near your home, although you won’t be able to practice these at full speed (unless you have a test stage).

If you are making notes, then you need an appropriate book. Books with paper & bindings designed for the job are available, or you can use a note book from your local stationer. Propelling pencils are useful, as is a good plastic eraser. When writing notes, aim to get a complete series of notes on one line. Try to avoid splitting corners that are close together over more than one line (or worse, on two pages) as this will make it more difficult to read back.

Top Tip: Try to write your notes as neat as possible during the recce. Some people make rough notes during the day and write up neat versions in the evening. This is time consuming and prone to errors - it is much better if you can get it right first time.

Top Tip: At the bottom of each page, write the next couple of notes that appear at the start of the next page. This means you do not have to stop reading the notes as you turn the page and you can check you have not turned over two pages. Be very careful not to read the note out twice however and watch out for two pages starting with the same note.

Top Tip: Always number the pages in your pace-notes. One way to do this is to number the pages backwards – so if a stage has ten pages of pace-notes, start with page 10 and work backwards so the last page is page 1. Each page of pacenotes is typically just under a mile, so checking the page number will tell you approximately how many miles there are to the end of the stage.

Top Tip: Folding over the corner of every second page is a neat trick to prevent you turning over two pages at once.

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